• Redheaded Hippie

Maximum Dilution for Essential Oils



African Bluegrass Cymbopogon validus – 6.7%

Agarwood Aquilaria malaccensis – None known

Ahibero Cymbopogon giganteus – None known

Almond (bitter “free from prussic acid”) Prunus dulcis – None known

Almond (bitter “unrectified”) Prunus dulcis – None known

Ambrette (hibiscus) Abelmoschus moschatus – None known

Amyris (West Indian sandalwood) Amyris balsamifera L. – None known

Angelica Root Angelica archangelica L. – 0.8% to avoid phototoxicity

Angelica Root (Himalayan) Angelica glauca Edgew. – None known

Angelica Seed Angelica archangelica L. – 1%

Aniseed Pimpinella anisum L. – 2.4%

Anise (Star) Illicium verum – 1.75%

Araucaria Neocallitropsis pancheri – None known

Arina Psaidia altissima – None known

Artemisia Artimisia vestita – 10%

Asafoetida Ferulaasa-foetida L. – None known, possible skin sensitizer

Atractylis Cang-zhu atractylodes – None known

Bakul absolute Mimusops elengi L. – 2.9%

Balsamite Chysanthemum balsamita L. – 2.3%

Balsam Poplar (black poplar) Populus balsamifera L. – None known

Basil (estragole chemotype) Ocimum basilicum – 0.1%

Basil (hairy) Ocimum americanum L. – 30%

Basil (holy) Ocimum tenuflorum L./sanctum – 1.0%

Basil (lemon) Ocimum x citriodorum – 1.4%

Basil (linalool chemotype) Ocimum basilicum L. – 1.5% for the absolute and 3.3% for the essential oil

Basil (Madagascan chemotype) Ocimum gratissimum/Ocimum viride – 0.2%

Basil (Cinnamon Basil – methyl cinnamate chemotype) Ocimum basilicum L. – 15%

Basil (pungeant) Ocimum gratissimum L. – 0.8%

Bay (West Indian) Pimenta racemose – 0.9%

Bee Balm Monarda didyma L. – None known

Benzoin resinoid Styrax benzoin – 2%

Bergamot (expressed) Citrus bergamia – 0.4%

Bergamot (FCF) Citrus bergamia – 16.6%

Bergamot (wild) Monarda menthaefolia/fistulosa L. – 5.7%

Betel Piper betle L. – 0.1%

Birch (sweet) Betula lenta – 2.5%

Birch tar Betula lenta – None known

Blackcurrant Bud essential oil and absolute Ribes nigrum L. – None known

Black Seed (Black Cumin) Nigella sativa L. – None known

Boldo Peumus boldus/Boldoa fragrans – 0.37%

Boronia absolute Boronia megastigma – None known

Broom absolute (Spanish Broom) Sparitium junceum L. – 12%

Buchu (diosphenol chemotype) Agathosma betulina/ Barosma betulina – 11%

Buchu (pulegone chemotype) Agathosma crenulata/Barosma crenulate L. – 1.4%

Buddah Wood (Desert Rosewood) Eremophila mitchelli – 5%

Cabreuva Myrocarpus fastigiatus – 6%

Cade (Juniper Tar – rectified) Juniperus oxycedrus L. – 2%

Cade (Juniper Tar – unrectified) Juniperus oxycedrus L. – Should not be used internally or externally in any amount

Cajeput Melaleuca cajuputi/Melaleuca leucadendron – 4%

Calamint (lesser) (aka Cuckoo Flower) Calamintha nepeta/Calamintha officinalis – 1.2%

Calamus (diploid form) Acorus calamus – None known

Calamus (tetraploid or hexaploid form) Acorus calamus L. – 0.2%

Calamus (triploid form) Acorus calamus L. – 1.1%

Camphor (Borneo) Dryobalanops aromatica/camphora – None known

Camphor (brown) Cinnamomum camphora/Laurus camphora L. – Not recommended for use internally of externally

Camphor (white) (aka Hon-Sho or true camphor) Cinnamomum camphora/Laurus camphora – 20%

Camphor (yellow) Cinnamomum camphora, Laurus camphora – 0.25%

Cananga Cananga odorata/Canangium odoratum – 28%

Cangerana Cabralea cangerana/canjerana – 10%

Cape May Coleeonema album – None known

Caraway Carum carvi L. – 1.2%

Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum L. – 5%

Cardamom (Black) Amomum subulatum – None known

Carnation absolute (Clove pink) Dianthus caryophyllus L. – 13.9%

Carrot Seed Daucus carota L. – 4%

Cascarilla (Sweet-wood) Croton eluteria/reflexifolius – 10% for Bahamian (eluteria), El Salvadorian unknown

Cassia (bark and leaf) Cinnamomum cassia/Cinnamomum aromaticum – 0.05%

Cassie absolute Acacia farnesiana L. – 4%

Catnip Nepeta cataria L. – 3%

Cedarwood (Atlas) Cedrus atlantica – 8%

Cedarwood (Chinese) Chamaecyparis funebris/Cupressus funebris – None known

Cedarwood (Himalayan) Cedrus deodara – 2%

Cedarwood (Port Orford – aka Rose of Cedar, Oregon Cedar) Chamaecyparis lawsoniana – 3%

Cedarwood (Texas) Juniperus ashei/Mexicana – 8%

Cedarwood (Virginian) Juniperus virginiana L. – 8%

Cedrela (Spanish Cedar, West Indian Cedar) Cedrela odorata L. – None known

Celery Leaf Apium graveolens L. – None known

Celery Seed Apium graveolens L. – 4%

Chamomile (blue – aka German chamomile) Matricaria recutita L. – 4%

Chamomile (Cape) Eriocephalus punctulatus – None known

Chamomile (Moroccan) Ormenis mixta/multicaulis – None known

Chamomile (Roman) Chamaemelum nobile/Anthemis nobilis L. – 4%

Champaca (orange – aka Golden Champa) Michelia champaca L. – 17.5%

Champaca (white) Michelia alba – 0.9%

Chaste Tree Vitex agnus castus L. – 1%

Chervil Anthriscus cerefolium L. – 0.15%

Cinnamon Bark Cinnamomum verum/Cinnamomum zeylanicum – 0.07%

Cinnamon Leaf Cinnamomum verum/ Cinnamomum zeylanicum – 0.6%

Cistus (aka Rock Rose, Labdanum) Cistus ladanifer L. – 1%

Citronella Cymbopogon nardus/Andropogon nardus L./Cymbopogon winterianus – 5.3%

Clary Sage Salvia sclarea L. – 0.25% for absolute and 8% for the essential oil

Clemintine Citrus clementina/reticulata – None known

Clove Bud Syzygium aromaticum/Eugenia caryophyllata – 0.5%

Clove Leaf Syzygium aromaticum/Eugenia caryophyllata – 0.6%

Clove Stem Syzygium aromaticum/Eugenia caryophyllata – 0.6%

Coleus (aka Forskohlii) Plectranthus barbatus/Coleus barbadus/Plectranthus forskohlii – None known

Combava fruit (aka kaffir lime) Citrus hystrix – None known

Combava leaf (aka kaffir lime leaf) Citrus hystrix – None known

Copaiba Copaiba langsdorfii/officinalis L. – 8%

Coriander Leaf (aka cilantro) Coriandrum sativum L. – 0.4%

Cornmint (dementholized) Mentha arvensis L. – 5%

Costus Saussurea costus – 0.05%

Cubeb (Java Pepper) Piper cubeba L. – 7.5%

Cumin Cuminum cyminum – 0.4%

Curry Leaf Murraya koenigii L. – None known

Cypress Cupressus sempervirens L. – 5%

Cypress (blue) Callitris intratropica – 50%

Cypress (emerald) Callitris columellaris – None known

Cypress (jade) Callitris glaucophylla – None known

Damiana Turnera diffusa/aphrodisiaca L. – 30%

Davana Artemisia pallens – 4%

Deertongue absolute Trilisa odoratissima/Carphephorus odoratissimus – 5%

Dill Seed (European) Anethum graveolens L. – 1.2%

Dill Seed (Indian) Anethum sowa – 1.4%

Dill Weed (aka dill herb) Anethum graveolens L. – 1.2%

Echinacea Echinacea purpurea L. – None known

Elecampane (Alanroot) Inula helenium L. – Should not be used

Elemi Canarium luzonicum/vulgare – 6.7%

Eucalyptus (cineole-rich) including camaldulensis, globulus, maidenii, plenissima, polybractea, radiata, and smithii – 20%

Eucalyptus marcarthurii – None known

Eucalyptus (peppermint) Eucalyptus dives – None known

Eucalyptus (cryptone chemotype) Eucalyptus polybractea – None known

Fennel (bitter) Foeniculum vulgare – 1.8%

Fennel (sweet) Foeniculum vulgare – 2.5%

Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum L. – 2% for absolute and essential oil

Fern (sweet) Comptonia peregrine L. – None known

Ferula Ferula jaeschkeana – None known

Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium L. – 10%

Fig Leaf absolute Ficus carica L. – Should not be used internally or externally

Finger Root (Thai Ginger) Boesenbergia pandurata/Kaempferia pandurata – None known

Fir (Douglas) Pseudotsuga menziesii – 8%

Fir Cones (silver – aka white fir/silver spruce) Abies alba – 2%

Fir Needle (Canadian aka Balsam fir) Abies basalmea – 10%

Fir Needle (Himalayan) Abies spectabilis/webbiana – None known

Fir Needle (Japanese) Abies sachalinensis – 20%

Fir Needle (Siberian) Abies sibirica – 1%

Fir Needle (silver aka White fir/silver spruce) Abies alba – 2%

Fleabane Conyza Canadensis/Erigeron canadensis L. – None known

Fragonia Agonis fragrans – 3%

Frankincense including Boswellia frereana, papyrifera,sacra, carteri, serrata, neglecta, and rivae – 2%

Galangal (Siamese ginger) Alpinia galangal L. – None known

Galangal (lesser) Alpinia officinarum – None known

Galbanum Ferula galbaniflua/gummosa – 4%

Garlic Allium sativum L. – 0.1%

Genipi Artemesia genipi – 0.3%

Geranium Pelargonium x asperum including Chinese, Egyptian, Moroccan, and Reunion – 17.5%

Ghandi Root (Sugandhmantri) Homalomena aromatica – None known

Ginger including Chinese and Indian Zingiber offinale – 4%

Gingergrass Cymbopogon martini/Andropogon martini – None known

Ginger Lily absolute Hedychium coronarium – 1%

Goldenrod Solidago Canadensis L. – 2%

Grapefruit Citrus x paradise – 4.0%

Grindelia Grindelia oregana – None known

Guaiacwood Bulnesia sarmientoi – 8%

Gurjun Dipterocarpus tuberculatus/turbinatus/jourdainii/alatus – 8%

Hay absolute Anthoxylum odoratum/Cynosurus cristatus/Lolium italicum L. – 4%

Hemp (Cannabis) Cannabis sativa L. – None known

Hibawood Thujopsis dolobrata L. – 12%

Hinoki Leaf Chamaecyparis obtusa/Cupressus obtusa – None known

Hinoki Root Chamaecyparis obtusa/Cupressus obtusa – None known

Hinoki Wood Chamaecyparis obtusa/Cupressus obtuse – None known

Ho Leaf (camphor chemotype) Cinnamomum camphora L. – 0.8%

Ho Leaf (cineole chemotype) Cinnamomum camphora L. – 11%

Ho Leaf (linalool chemotype) Cinnamomum camphora L. – 10%

Honeysuckle absolute Lonicera periclymenum L. – 3%

Hop Humulus lupulus L. – None known

Horseradish Armoracia rusticana/ Cochlearia armoracia L. – Should not use

Hyacinth absolute Hyacinthus orientalis L. – 1.3%

Hyssop (linalool chemotype) Hyssopus officinalis L. – None known

Hyssop (pinocamphone chemotype) Hyssopus officinalis L. – 0.3%

Immortelle (aka everlasting, helichrysum, curry plant) Helichrysum italicum/angustifolium – 0.5% for the absolute and 4% for the essential oil

Inula Dittrichia graveolens L. – None known

Jaborandi Pilocarpus jaborandi/microphyllus – None known but suspected to be toxic

Jamrosa Cymbopogon nardus L. – 6.2%

Jasmine absolute Jasminum grandiflorum/Jasminum officinale – 0.7%

Jasmine sambac absolute Jasminum sambac L. – 4%

Jonquil Narcissus jonquilla L. – 2%

Juniper Berry Juniperus communis L. – 8%

Juniper (Phoenician savin) Juniperus phoenicea L. – 1%

Kanuka Kunzea ericoides/peduncularis – None known

Karo (karounde absolute) Leptactina senegambica – 0.2%

Katrafay Cedrelopsis grevei – None known

Kesom Polygonum minus – None known

Kewda (aka Keora, padang, pandanus) Pandanus fascicularis/odoratissimus – 8%

Khella Ammi visnaga L. – 1%

Labdanum Cistus ladanifer L. – 8%

Labrador Tea (aka Greenland moss) Ledum greonlandicum – None known

Lantana Lantana camara L. – None known

Lanyana (aka African wormwood) Artemisia afra – 0.8%

Larch Needle Larix laricina – None known

Laurel Berry Laurus nobilis/azorica/novocanariensis – None known

Laurel Leaf Laurus nobilis – 0.5%

Lavandin Lavandula x intermedia – 0.03% for the absolute and 5% for the essential oil

Lavender (including Australian, Bulgarian, French, Moldovan, and Ukranian) Lavandula angustifolia/Lavandula officinalis – 0.1% for the absolute and 10% for the essential oil

Lavender Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus L. – None known

Lavender (Spanish) Lavandula stoechas – 8.0%

Lavender (Spike) Lavandula latifolia/spica – 19%

Leek Allium porrum L. – None known

Lemon (distilled) Citrus x limon L. – 20%

Lemon (expressed) Citrus x limon, Citrus limonum – 2.0%

Lemon Balm (Australian) Eucalyptus staigeriana – 3.4%

Lemon Leaf (aka lemon petitgrain) Citrus x limon L. – 1.2%

Lemongrass Cymbopogon flecuosus/Adropogon flexuosus/Cymbopogon citratus/Andropogon citratus – 0.7%

Lemon-scented Gum (aka eucalyptus citriadora/lemon eucalyptus) Corymbia citriodora/Eucalyptus citriodora – 10%

Lime (distilled) Citrus x aurantifolia/Citrus x latifolia – 15%

Lime (expressed) Citrus x aurantifolia/Citrus x latifolia – 0.7%

Linaloe Wood Bursera glabrifolia/delpechiana/aloexylon/fagaroides/simaruba L. – 8%

Longoza (Longozo) Hedychium coronarium – None known

Lovage Leaf Levisticum officinale – None known

Lovage Root Levisticum officinale – 2%

Lovage Seed Levisticum officinale – None known

Mace Myristica fragrans/officinalis L. – 2% for East Indian and 4.1% for Indian

Magnolia Flower (White champaca or white jade orchid) Michelia alba – None known

Magnolia Leaf (White champaca or white jade orchid) Michelia alba – No limit according to Tisserand and Young

Mandarin Citrus reticulata – 8%

Mandarin Leaf (mandarin petitgrain) Citrus reticulata – 0.17%

Mango Ginger Curcuma amada – None known

Manuka Leptospermum scoparium – 4%

Maraba (false ginger) Kaempferia galangal L. – None known

Marigold (Mexican – aka Spanish terragon) Tagetes lucida – 0.1%

Marjoram (Spanish) Thymus mastichina L. – 6%

Marjoram (Sweet) Origanum majorana L. – 6%

Marjoram (wild – carvacrol chemotype) Origanum marjorana L. – 1.2%

Marjoram (wild – linalool chemotype) Origanum marjorana L. – 4.3%

Massoia Cryptocarya massoy – 0.01%

Mastic Pistacia lentiscus L. – 20%

May Chang Litsea cubeba/Litsea citrate – 0.8%

Melissa Melissa officinalis – 0.9%

Mimosa absolute Acacia dealbata/decurrens/Racosperma dealbatum – 1%

Mint (Bergamot) Mentha aquatic/citrate – 8%

Mint (wild forest – aka wild horsemint) Mentha longifolia L. – None known

Mugwort (common, camphor/thujone chemotype) Artemisia vulgaris L. – 2%

Mugwort (common, chrysanthenyl acetate chemotype) Artemisia vulgaris L. – 9.6%

Mugwort (Douglas aka Douglas sagewort, California mugwort) Artemisia douglasiana – None known

Mugwort (great) Artemisia arborescens L. – 0.7%

Muhuhu Brachylaena huillensis/hutchinsii – None known

Mullilam (Salai) Zanthoxylum rhetsa – None known

Mustard Brassica nigra/juncea L. – Should not be used

Myrrh (Somalian myrrh) Commiphora myrrha – 1%

Myrtle Myrtus communis – 1.9%

Myrtle (aniseed) Backhousia anisata – 2.7%

Myrtle (bog) Myrica gale L. – None known

Myrtle (honey) Melaleuca teretifolia – 0.9%

Myrtle (lemon) Backhousia citriodora – 0.7%

Nagarmotha (Cypriol, cyperus) Cyperus mitis – None known

Narcissus absolute Narcissus poeticus L. – 0.8%

Nasturtium (Indian cress) Torpaeolum majus L. – 0.5%

Neroli (orange blossom) Citrus x aurantium L. – 4%

Niaouli (cineole chemotype) Melaleuca quinquenervia – 5%

Niaouli (linalool chemotype) Melaleuca quinquenervia – None known

Niaouli (nerolidol chemotype) Melaleuca quinquenervia – None known

Niaouli (viridiflorol chemotype) Melaleuca quinquenervia – None known

Nut Grass (Coco grass, motha) Cyperus rotundus L. – None known

Nutmeg Myristica fragrans/officinalis L. – East Indian 0.8% West Indian 5%

Oakmoss absolute Evernia prunastri L. – 0.1%

Ocotea Ocotea quixos – 2%

Onion Allium cepa L. – None known

Opopanax (sweet myrrh) Commiphora guidottii – 0.6%

Orange (bitter) Citrus x aurantium – 1.25%

Orange (sweet) Citrus sinensis L. – 5%

Orange Flower (neroli) Citrus x aurantium L. – 1%

Orange Flower Water absolute Citrus x aurantium L. – None known

Orange Flower & Leaf Water absolute Citrus x aurantium L. – 4%

Orange Leaf (petitgrain) Citrus x aurantium L. – 5%

Oregano Origanum onites/Origanum vulgare/Thymbra capitate – 1.1%

Oregano (Mexican) Lippia graveolens/berlanderi/amentacea/tomentosa – 1.2%

Orris absolute (Iris) Iris pallida – 3%

Osmanthus absolute (sweet olive) Osmanthus fragrans – None known

Palmarosa (Motia, rosha grass) Cymbopogon martinii/Adropogon martinii – 6.5%

Palo Santo Bursera graveolens – 3.4%

Parsley Leaf Petroselinum crispum – 14.6%

Parsley Seed Petroselium crispum – 1.1%

Parsnip Pastinaca sativa L. – None known

Patchouli Pgostemom cablin/patchouly – 10%

Pennyroyal (N. American, European and Turkish) Hedeoma pulegiodes/Mentha pulegium/Micromeria fruticosa – 1.3%

Pepper (black) Piper nigrum L. – 5%

Pepper (pink) Schinus molle L. – 4%

Pepper (Sichuan) Zanthoxylum piperitum – None known

Pepper (white) Piper nigrum L. – None known

Peppermint Mentha x piperita – 5.4%

Perilla (shiso, beefsteak plant) Perilla frutescens L. – 2%

Peru Balsam Myroxylon balsamum/puiferum/pereirae – 0.4%

Peta Helichrysum splendidum – None known

Phoebe Phoebe porosa/Oreodaphne porosa – 7%

Pimento Berry (Allspice, Jamaican pepper) Pimenta dioica – 0.15%

Pimento Leaf Pimenta dioica L. – 0.6%

Pine (black) Pinus nigra – 12%

Pine (dwarf – mountain pine, mugo pine) Pinus mugo/pumilio – 2%

Pine (grey – Jack pine) Pinus divaricata/banksiana – None known

Pine (huon) Dacrydium franklinii/Lagarostrobos franklinii – Should not be used

Pine (Ponderosa) Pinus ponderosa – 0.5%

Pine (red – aka Norway pine) Pinus resinosa Ait. – None known

Pine (Scots – aka Scotch pine) Pinus sylvestris L. – 2%

Pine (white) Pinus strobus L. – None known

Piri-piri (aka Jointed flat sedge, priprioca, amd ardrue) Cyperus articulatus L. – None known

Plai Zingerber montanum/Amomum montanum – None known

Plectranthus Plectranthus fruticosus – Should not be used externally or internally

Pteronia (aka Blue dog, blue bush) Pteronia incana – 0.3%

Rambiazana (aka Rambiazana vavy) Helichrysum gymnocephalum – None known

Ravensara Bark Ravensara aromatica/Ravensara anisata – 0.1%

Ravensara Leaf Ravensara aromatica/Ravensara anisata – 1.0%

Rhododendron (aka Anthopogon, sunpati) Rhododendron anthopogon – None known

Rosalina (aka Lavender tea tree, Swamp paperbark tree) Melaleuca ericifolia – None known

Rose (Damask, Otto) Rosa x damascena/Rosa damascena/Rosa gallica – 0.6%

Rose (Japanese – aka Ramanas rose, rugosa rose) Rosa rugosa – 0.4%

Rose absolute (Provence – aka Cabbage rose, rose de Mai, French rose, hundred leaved rose) Rosa x centifolia L. – 2.5%

Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalus L. – 16.5% for Camphor CT, 22% for Pinene, and 6.5% for Verbenone CT Rosewood (Bois de rose, Pau-rosa) Aniba rosaeodora/amazonica/parviflora – 5%

Rue Ruta graveolens L./Ruta Montana – 0.15%

Saffron Crocus sativus L. – 0.02%

Sage (African wild – aka Leleshwa, camphor bush, wild camphor tree, Hottentot tabacco) Tarchonanthus camphoratus L. – None known

Sage (Dalmatian) Salvia officinalis – 0.4%

Sage (Greek – aka Turkish sage) Salvia fruticosa – None known

Sage (Spanish – aka Lavender sage) Salvia lavandulifolia – 12.5%

Sage (white) Salvia apiana – None known

Sage (wild mountain – aka Mountain salvia) Hemizygia petiolata – 0.7%

St John’s Wort Hypericum perforatum L. – None known

Sandalwood (East African) Osyris lanceolata – None known

Sandalwood (East Indian) Santalum album – 2.0%

Sandalwood (New Caledonian – aka Pacific island sandalwood) Santalum austrocaledonicum – 2%

Sandalwood (Western Australian) Santalum spicatum/cygorum/spicatus – None known

Sanna (aka spiked ginger lily, kapur kachri) Hedychium spicatum – 6.3%

Saro (aka Mandravasarotra) Cinnamosma fragrans – None known

Sassafras Sassafras albidum/Nectaranda sanguinea/Ocotea odorifera/Ocotea pretiosa/Cinnamomum porrectum/Cinnamomum rigidissimum – Should not be used internally or externally

Satsuma (aka Mikan) Citrus unshiu/reticulata – None known

Savin Juniperus sabina L. – Should not be used internally or externally

Savory Satureia horensis L. (summer savory)/montana L. (winter savory) – 1.4% for summer savory and 1.2% for winter savory

Siam wood (aka coffin wood, peimo, pe mou, po mu) Fokienea hodginsii – None known

Skimmia Skimmia laureola – None known

Snakeroot (aka Candian snakeroot , wild ginger) Asarum canadense L. – Should not be used internally or externally

Snowbush Eriocephalus africanus L. – None known

Southernwood Artemisia abrotanum L. – 15%

Spearmint Mentha cardiaca/Mentha crispa/Mentha viridis – 1.7%

Spiknard (aka Nard, Indian nard) Nardostachys grandiflora – None known

Spruce (black – aka Canadian black pine) Picea mariana/nigra – 1%

Spruce (hemlock – aka Eastern hemlock, hemlock) Tsuga Canadensis L. – 1%

Spruce (Norway – aka common spruce, European spruce) Picea abies L. – 1%

Spruce (red) Picea rubens – None known

Spruce (white – aka Candian spruce) Picea glauca/alba/canadensis – 1%

Styrax (aka Storax, sweetgum) Liquidambar orientalis/styraciflora L. var macrophylla – 0.6%

Sugandha (aka Sugandh kokila, kokila, laurel berry) Cinnamomum cecidodaphne/glaucescens – 3.3%

Sumach (Venitian – aka smoke plant, smoke tree) Cotinus coggyria/Rhus cotinus L. – None known

Sweet vernalgrass absolute (aka Flouve) Anthoxanthum odoratum L. – 4%

Taget (aka Marigold, tegetes) Tagetes minuta L./Tagetes patula L. – 0.01% (including the absolute)

Tana (aka Issa) Rhus taratana – None known

Tangelo Citrus reticulata – 8%

Tangerine Citrus reticulata Blanco – 5%

Tansy Tanacetum vulgare L./Chrysanthemum tanacetum – 0.5%

Tansy (blue – aka Moroccan tansy, Moroccan blue chamomile) Tanacetum annuum L. – None known

Tarragon (akak Estragon) Artemisia dracunculus – 0.1%

Tea Leaf (akak black tea) Camellia sinensis L./Thea sinensis L. – 0.2%

Tea Tree Melaleuca alternifolia – 15.0%

Tea Tree (black – aka River tea tree oil) Melaleuca bracteata – Should not be used internally or externally

Tea Tree (lemon-scented) Leptospermum petersonii/Leptospermum liversidgei – 0.8%

Tejpat (aka Indian cassia) Cinnamomum tamala – 0.6%

Thorow-wax (aka Shrubby hare’s ear) Bupleurum fruticosum L. – None known

Thuja (aka Cedar leaf, white cedar, Eastern white cedar, Eastern arborvitea, swamp cedar) Thuja occidentalis L. – 0.4%

Thyme (borneol chemotype – aka Moroccan thyme) Thymus satureioides – 3.3%

Thyme (geraniol chemotype) Thymus vulgaris L. – None known

Thyme (lemon) Thymus x citriodorus – 3.7%

Thyme (limonene chemotype) Thymus vulgaris L./Thymus serpyllum L. – 2.1%

Thyme (linalool chemotype) Thymus vulgaris/zygis L. – None known

Thyme (Spike – aka spiked thyme thymbra pregano) Thymus spicata L. – 1.4%

Thyme (thujanol chemotype) Thymus vulgaris L. – None known

Thyme (thymol and carvacrol chemotypes) Thymus serpyllum/Thymus vulgaris/Thymus zygis – 1.3%

Tolu Balsam (aka Thomas balsam, opobalsam) Myroxylon balsamum – 2.0%

Tomar Seed (aka Timar, wartara, winged prickly ash) Zanthoxylum armatum/alatum/Xanthoxylum alatum – None known

Tonka absolute Dipterix odorata/Coumarouna odorata – 8%

Treemoss Pseudevernia furfuracea – 0.1%

Tuberose absolute Polianthes tuberosa L. – 1.2%

Turmeric Leaf Curcuma longa L. – None known

Turmeric rhizome (aka Curcuma, Indian saffron) Curcuma longa L./domestica – 4%

Turmeric (wild) Curcuma aromatica – None known

Turpentine (aka Terebinth, yarmor) Pinus ayacahuite – None known

Valerian (European type) Vaelriana officinalis L. – None known

Valerian (Indian – aka Sugandhawal) Valeriana jatamansi/Nardostachys jatamansi/Valeriana wallichii/Patrinia jatamansi – None known

Vanilla absolute Vanilla plantifolia/fragrans/tahitensis – None known

Vassoura (aka alecrim do cerrado “rosemary” in Portuguese) Baccharis dracunculifolia – None known

Verbena (honey – aka wild verbena, greendog, zinziba) Lippia javanica – None known

Verbena (lemon) Aloysia triphylla/citriodora/Lippia triphylla – 0.2%

Verbena (white – aka Bushy lippia, white lippia, anise verbena, licorice verbena, juanilama) Lippia alba/geminata – 1.2%

Vetiver (aka Khus, khus-khus) Vetiveria zizanoides/Andropogon muricatus/zizanoides/ Chrysopogon zizanoides/Phalaris zizanoides L. – 15%

Violet Leaf (aka Sweet violet) Viola odorata L. – 2%

Western Red Cedar (aka Pacific thuja, Western arborvitae) Thuja plicata – 0.25%

White Cloud (aka white kunzea, Tasmanian spring flower, Southern soring flower, tick bush, poverty bush) Kunzea ambigua – None known

Wintergreen Gaultheria fragrantissima/Gaultheria procumbens L. – 2.4%

Wormseed (aka Chenopodium) Chenopodium ambrosiodes L. – 0.14%

Wormwood (aka absinthe, artemisia) Artemisia absinthium L. – 2%

Wormwood (annual – aka sweet wormwood, sweet annie) Artemisia annua L. – None known

Wormwood (sea) Artemisia maritima L./contra/lercheana/salina/Seriphidium maritimum – 0.4%

Wormwood absolute (white – aka Armoise, desert wormwood) Artemisia herba-alba – 0.25%

Yarrow (chamazulene chemotype – aka Milfoil) Achillea millefolium L. – 8.6%

Yarrow (green – aka Ligurian yarrow) Achillea nobilis L. – None known

Ylang-Ylang Cananga odorata – 0.8% for the absolute and 0.8% for the essential oil

Yuzu Citrus junos – None known

Zdravets (aka Bulgarian geranium, bigroot geranium) Geranium macrorrhizum L. – 2%

Zedoary (aka white turmeric, hidden ginger) Curcuma zedoaria – None known